When was the ancient nalanda university established?

The ancient Nalanda University was established in the 5th century CE.

An expanded response to your question

The ancient Nalanda University, located in present-day Bihar, India, was one of the world’s earliest universities. It was founded in the 5th century CE, during the reign of Gupta dynasty, and continued to exist until the 12th century CE when it was destroyed by Turkish invaders.

According to historical accounts, the university was a center of learning for people from all over the world and had a library that contained at least 9 million manuscripts. It attracted scholars and students from as far away as China, Korea, Japan, Indonesia, Turkey, and Persia to study various subjects, including science, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, philosophy, theology, and law.

As the Chinese traveler Hieun Tsang, who studied at the university in the 7th century, once wrote, “The teachers are learned and their virtue is deep; their manners are calm and dignified, their discourse is clear and persuasive. They lead their students to investigate all things, and to seek for the hidden truth.”

Interesting Facts on Nalanda University:

  • The university had a sprawling campus that was spread over an area of 14 hectares and included meditation halls, classrooms, libraries, dormitories, parks, and lakes.
  • The university had a complex system of education that included oral lectures, debates, discussions, and examinations.
  • The university had several renowned scholars as its teachers, including Dharmapala, Shilabhadra, Buddhaghosa, Nagarjuna, and Vasubandhu.
  • The university also had a medical school that specialized in surgery and offered courses in Ayurvedic medicine.
  • The university had a unique and inclusive approach to education that encouraged students from different backgrounds and religions to study together.


| Established | 5th century CE |
| Location | Bihar, India |
| Areas of Study | Science, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, philosophy, theology, law |
| Library contents| At least 9 million manuscripts |
| Campus size | 14 hectares |
| Teachers | Dharmapala, Shilabhadra, Buddhaghosa, Nagarjuna, Vasubandhu |
| Medical School | specialized in surgery and offered courses in Ayurvedic medicine |
| Approach | inclusive approach to education that encouraged students from different backgrounds and religions to study together |

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In conclusion, the ancient Nalanda University was a pioneering institution of higher learning that shaped the course of knowledge and scholarship in ancient India and beyond. As the Indian writer and philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan once said, “Nalanda stands out as the symbol of the highest intellectual and spiritual attainments of our people.”

In this video, you may find the answer to “When was the ancient Nalanda University established?”

The video discusses the history of the world’s oldest university, Nalanda, which was lost for 800 years before being re-established in the 19th century. The new international university, based on the ancient university, will be a beacon of peace and non-violence in the multipolar world.

Many additional responses to your query

5th century ADNalanda is an ancient center of higher learning in Bihar, India from 427 to 1197. Nalanda was established in the 5th century AD in Bihar, India. Founded in 427 in northeastern India, not far from what is today the southern border of Nepal, it survived until 1197.

Founded in 427 CE, Nalanda is considered the world’s first residential university, a sort of medieval Ivy League institution home to nine million books that attracted 10,000 students from across Eastern and Central Asia.

Founded in 427 C.E., Nalanda Mahavihara, or Nalanda University, lasted for over 700 hundred years.

Nalanda University was founded by Gupta emperor Kumargupta I, the ruler of the Gupta Empire in 427 CE.

I am confident that you will be interested in these issues

When was Nalanda University established and by whom? Answer will be: Nalanda Mahavihara was founded by Kumargupta I of the Gupta dynasty in 5th century CE. It was patronized by various rulers including King Harshavardhana of Kannauj (7th century CE) and the Pala rulers (8th – 12th century CE) as well as various scholars.

Furthermore, Who established the ancient Nalanda University? Nalanda was founded by the Gupta emperors in the early 5th century and then expanded over the next 7 centuries.

Who destroyed Nalanda University and why? Answer: The Leading Centre Of Teaching Of Mahayana Buddhism Was Nalanda But Other Topics Of Education Were Also Featured Here. Finally At The End Of 12th Century Invader Bakhityar Khilji Demolished The Monastery, Killed The Monks And Burned The Valuable Library.

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Then, What is the significance of Nalanda University? Response will be: The Nalanda University was the first university that managed to establish residential places of its students. 3. Nalanda University played a significant role in offering sciences, law, arts and philosophical courses which shaped the ancient India.

When was Nalanda University founded?
Answer: Incredibly, Nalanda University was founded as early as the 5 th century AD in the north eastern Indian state of Bihar. During its heyday, Nalanda could boast of its capacity to accommodate 10,000 students and 2,000 professors, and the dormitories provided by Nalanda University are believed to have been the first of its kind.

Beside above, Is Nalanda University reviving? Thus, when the former President of India, the Hon’ble Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam mooted the idea of reviving the ancient Nalanda University while addressing the Bihar State Legislative Assembly in March 2006, the first step towards realizing the dream of reinventing the old Nalanda had been taken.

People also ask, Did Nalanda Monastery-University exist in 400 CE?
Answer: Combined with a lack of any archaeological discoveries of pre-400 CE monuments in Nalanda, the silence in Faxian’s memoir suggests that Nalanda monastery-university did not exist around 400 CE. Nalanda was founded by the Gupta emperors in the early 5th century and then expanded over the next 7 centuries.

Hereof, How many teachers are there at Nalanda University?
The response is: According to Hiuen Tsang, a Chinese scholar who studied at the University of Nalanda, the university had more than 1,500 teachers and 10,000 monks to teach various subjects like Mathematics, Science, Ayurveda, Architecture, Medicine, Religion (especially Buddhism), Vedas, Philosophy, Warfare, History, Literature, and many others.

Thereof, When was Nalanda University built?
Nalanda University was built-in 427 CE by Gupta emperor Kumargupta I, the ruler of the Gupta Empire and it is more than 1500 years old. The ancient University of Nalanda was a great centre of learning in ancient India but fanatic Bakhtiayr Khilji destroyed and ransacked the university in 1202 AD.

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Simply so, Who is the patronage of Nalanda University?
Some of the prominent rulers who also provide the patronage to the Nalanda University. These rulers include Shashanka of the Gauda kingdom (590-625 CE), Bhaskarvarman of Assam (625 CE), Bhoja I of the Gurjara- Pratihar dynasty (850 CE) and Govindachandra of the Gahadvala dynasty.

Secondly, When was Nalanda founded?
The response is: Nalanda was founded by the Gupta emperors in the early 5th century and then expanded over the next 7 centuries. Nalanda’s dateable history begins in the 5th century. A seal discovered at the site identifies a monarch named Shakraditya ( Śakrāditya) as its founder and attributes the foundation of a sangharama (monastery) at the site to him.

Why was Nalanda University a good school?
The education was not for all. The main goal of Nalanda University, the most famous institute of its time, was to impart spiritual lessons and moral code to its students. The patriarchal and religion-based society ensured that the student body only consisted of upper caste, male candidates.

Interesting Facts

Interesting: By the time the first European university was established in Bologna in 1088, Nalanda had been providing higher education to thousands of students from Asian countries for more than six hundred years. The university was an architectural and environmental masterpiece. It had eight separate compounds, 10 temples, meditation halls, classrooms, lakes, and parks.
Did you know: Nalanda University was considered an education hub from 500 CE to 1200 CE and it developed when the Gupta Dynasty was ruling India. This was the first international residential university in the world where people from many parts of the world used to come to learn.
Did you know: Nalanda University was famous for it’s great library which was known as Dharma Gunj which meant the “Mountain of Truth”, which took over five months to burn down. Nalanda University was attacked 3 times. It was attacked by Huns, Gaudas and Bhaktiyar Khilji but it was Bhaktiyar Khilji who was most destructive by his attack.
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